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Obergefell v. Hodges

Docket No.: 14-556
Certiorari Granted: 1/16/2015
Argued: April 28, 2015
Decided: June 26, 2015
Consolidated with: Docket No. 14-562, 14-571, 14-574

Topics:

Abortion, Bill of Rights, Constitutional Law, Due Process, EPA, Equal Protection Clause, Federalism, Fifth Amendment, First Amendment, Fourteenth Amendment, Free Exercise, Free Exercise of Religion, Full Faith and Credit, habeas, habeas corpus, immigration, maximum hours, privacy, property rights

PartyNames: James Obergefell, et al. v. Richard Hodges, Director, Ohio Department of Health, et al.
Petitioner: James Obergefell, et al.
Respondent: Richard Hodges, Director, Ohio Department of Health, et al.

Court Below: United States Court of Appeals for the Sixth Circuit
Citation: 772 F.3d 388
Supreme Court Docket

James Obergefell, et al.
v.
Richard Hodges, Director, Ohio Department of Health, et al.
Consideration Limited:

LIMITED TO THE FOLLOWING QUESTIONS: 1) DOES THE FOURTEENTH AMENDMENT REQUIRE A STATE TO LICENSE A MARRIAGE BETWEEN TWO PEOPLE OF THE SAME SEX? 2) DOES THE FOURTEENTH AMENDMENT REQUIRE A STATE TO RECOGNIZE A MARRIAGE BETWEEN TWO PEOPLE OF THE SAME SEX WHEN THEIR MARRIAGE WAS LAWFULLY LICENSED AND PERFORMED OUT-OF-STATE? A TOTAL OF NINETY MINUTES IS ALLOTTED FOR ORAL ARGUMENT ON QUESTION 1. A TOTAL OF ONE HOUR IS ALLOTTED FOR ORAL ARGUMENT ON QUESTION 2. THE PARTIES ARE LIMITED TO FILING BRIEFS ON THE MERITS AND PRESENTING ORAL ARGUMENT ON THE QUESTIONS PRESENTED IN THEIR RESPECTIVE PETITIONS.

Question Presented:

1. Whether Ohio's constitutional and statutory bans on recognition of marriages of same-sex couples validly entered in other jurisdictions violate the Due Process and Equal Protection Clauses of the Fourteenth Amendment to the U.S. Constitution. 2. Whether Ohio's refusal to recognize a judgment of adoption of an Ohio-born child issued to a same-sex couple by the courts of a sister state violates the Full Faith and Credit Clause of the U.S. Constitution.

Obergefell v. Hodges
ORAL ARGUMENT

April 28, 2015

Listen to Oral Argument in Obergefell v. Hodges
Holding: REVERSED AND REMANDED
Vote: 5-4
Majority: Judgment Reversed. Kennedy, Ginsburg, Breyer, Sotomayor, Kagan
Dissenting: Roberts,Scalia,Thomas,Alito
Opinion By:

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Obergefell v. Hodges
Case Documents

1Obergefell v. Hodges Oral Argument Transcript - Question 1
2Obergefell v. Hodges Oral Argument Audio - Question 2
3Obergefell v. Hodges Oral Argument Transcript - Question 2
4Obergefell v. Hodges Oral Argument Audio - Question 1
5Obergefell v. Hodges - BRIEF FOR PETITIONERS
6Obergefell v. Hodges - REPLY BRIEF FOR PETITIONERS
7Obergefell v. Hodges - BRIEF FOR RESPONDENT
8Obergefell v. Hodges - BRIEF OF AMICI CURIAE LGBT STUDENT ORGANIZATIONS AT UNDERGRADUATE, GRADUATE, AND PROFESSIONAL SCHOOLS IN SUPPORT OF PETITIONERS
9Obergefell v. Hodges - BRIEF OF AMICI CURIAE KENNETH B. MEHLMAN ET AL. SUPPORTING PETITIONERS
10Obergefell v. Hodges - BRIEF OF AMICI CURIAE SERVICES AND ADVOCACY FOR GAY, LESBIAN, BISEXUAL AND TRANSGENDER ELDERS; AMERICAN SOCIETY ON AGING; JUSTICE IN AGING; NATIONAL COMMITTEE TO PRESERVE SOCIAL SECURITY AND MEDICARE; AND NATIONAL HISPANIC COUNCIL ON AGING IN SUPPORT OF PETITIONERS
11Obergefell v. Hodges - BRIEF FOR AMICUS CURIAE THE LIBERTY EDUCATION FORUM IN SUPPORT OF PETITIONERS
12Obergefell v. Hodges - BRIEF OF AMICI CURIAE CHRIS KLUWE, BRENDON AYANBADEJO, AND SCOTT FUJITA IN SUPPORT OF PETITIONERS
13Obergefell v. Hodges - BRIEF OF AMICUS CURIAE INDIANA UNIVERSITY IN SUPPORT OF PETITIONERS
14Obergefell v. Hodges - BRIEF OF AMERICANS UNITED FOR SEPARATION O F CHURCH AND STATE AS AMICUS CURIAE I N SUPPORT OF PETITIONERS
15Obergefell v. Hodges - Brief of Virginia In Support of Petitioner
16Obergefell v. Hodges - BRIEF OF LANGLEY HILL FRIENDS MEETING; RICHMOND, VA FRIENDS MEETING; AND ANN ARBOR FRIENDS MEETING, ALL PART OF THE RELIGIOUS SOCIETY OF FRIENDS AS AMICI CURIAE SUPPORTING PETITIONERS
17Obergefell v. Hodges - BRIEF OF THE LEADERSHIP CONFERENCE ON CIVIL AND HUMAN RIGHTS ET AL. AS AMICI CURIAE IN SUPPORT OF PETITIONERS
18Obergefell v. Hodges - Brief of Organization of American Historians In Support of Petitioner
19Obergefell v. Hodges - BRIEF OF AMICI CURIAE GLMA: HEALTH PROFESSIONALS ADVANCING LGBT EQUALITY AND THE AMERICAN ACADEMY OF NURSING CONCERNING THE IMMUTABILITY OF SEXUAL ORIENTATION IN SUPPORT OF PETITIONERS
20Obergefell v. Hodges - BRIEF AMICUS CURIAE OF THE STATE OF HAWAII IN SUPPORT OF PETITIONERS
21Obergefell v. Hodges - BRIEF OF NINETY-TWO PLAINTIFFS IN MARRIAGE CASES IN ALABAMA, ALASKA, ARKANSAS, INDIANA, KANSAS, LOUISIANA, MISSISSIPPI, MISSOURI, MONTANA, NEBRASKA, NORTH CAROLINA, NORTH DAKOTA, SOUTH CAROLINA, SOUTH DAKOTA AND TEXAS AS AMICI CURIAE IN SUPPORT OF PETITIONERS
22Obergefell v. Hodges - REPLY TO ALLEN ET AL.
23Obergefell v. Hodges - Brief of BiLaw In Support of Petitioner
24Obergefell v. Hodges - BRIEF OF HISTORIANS OF MARRIAGE AND THE AMERICAN HISTORICAL ASSOCIATION AS AMICI CURIAE IN SUPPORT OF PETITIONERS
25Obergefell v. Hodges - BRIEF OF AMICI CURIAE NATIONAL WOMEN’S LAW CENTER, WILLIAMS INSTITUTE SCHOLARS OF SEXUAL ORIENTATION AND GENDER LAW, AND WOMEN’S LEGAL GROUPS IN SUPPORT OF PETITIONERS
26Obergefell v. Hodges - BRIEF OF AMICI CURIAE FAMILY LAW SCHOLARS IN SUPPORT OF PETITIONERS
27Obergefell v. Hodges - BRIEF OF AMICI CURIAE LAW ENFORCEMENT OFFICERS, FIRST RESPONDERS, AND ORGANIZATIONS IN SUPPORT PETITIONERS
28Obergefell v. Hodges - Brief of Legal Scholars Stephen Clark In Support of Petitioner
29Obergefell v. Hodges - Brief of John K. Olson In Support of Petitioner
30Obergefell v. Hodges - Brief of President of the House of Deputies of the Episcopal Church In Support of Petitioner
31Obergefell v. Hodges - BRIEF OF AMICI CURIAE ANTI-DEFAMATION LEAGUE IN SUPPORT OF PETITIONERS
32Obergefell v. Hodges - BRIEF FOR THE ALLIANCE: STATE ADVOCATES FOR WOMEN'S RIGHTS AND GENDER EQUALITY AS AMICUS IN SUPPORT OF PETITIONERS
33Obergefell v. Hodges - BRIEF FOR THE UNITED STATES AS AMICUS CURIAE SUPPORTING PETITIONERS
34Obergefell v. Hodges - BRIEF OF BAY AREA LAWYERS FOR INDIVIDUAL FREEDOM, ET AL. AS AMICI CURIAE SUPPORTING PETITIONERS
35Obergefell v. Hodges - Brief of National Family Civil Rights Center In Support of Petitioner
36Obergefell v. Hodges - BRIEF OF MASSACHUSETTS, CALIFORNIA, CONNECTICUT, DELAWARE, THE DISTRICT OF COLUMBIA, ILLINOIS, IOWA, MAINE, MARYLAND, NEW HAMPSHIRE, NEW MEXICO, NEW YORK, OREGON, PENNSYLVANIA, RHODE ISLAND, VERMONT, AND WASHINGTON AS AMICI CURIAE IN SUPPORT OF PETITIONERS
37Obergefell v. Hodges - BRIEF OF CONFLICT OF LAW SCHOLARS AS AMICI CURIAE SUPPORTING PETITIONERS
38Obergefell v. Hodges - BRIEF FOR AMICI CURIAE EQUALITY OHIO, EQUALITY OHIO EDUCATION FUND, AND THREE GAY AND LESBIAN COUPLES IN SUPPORT OF PETITIONERS
39Obergefell v. Hodges - BRIEF FOR FREEDOM TO MARRY AS AMICUS CURIAE SUPPORTING PETITIONERS
40Obergefell v. Hodges - BRIEF OF THE MATTACHINE SOCIETY OF WASHINGTON, D.C., AS AMICUS CURIAE IN SUPPORT OF PETITIONERS
41Obergefell v. Hodges - BRIEF OF HUMAN RIGHTS WATCH AND THE NEW YORK CITY BAR ASSOCIATION, ET AL.,* AS AMICI CURIAE SUPPORTING PETITIONERS
42Obergefell v. Hodges - BRIEF OF AMICI CURIAE CAMPAIGN FOR SOUTHERN EQUALITY AND EQUALITY FEDERATION IN SUPPORT OF PETITIONERS
43Obergefell v. Hodges Syllabus
44Obergefell v. Hodges - Brief of PFLAG Inc In Support of Petitioner
45Obergefell v. Hodges - BRIEF OF AMICI CURIAE FAMILY EQUALITY COUNCIL, COLAGE, AND KINSEY MORRISON IN SUPPORT OF PETITIONERS
46Obergefell v. Hodges - Brief of Garden State Equality In Support of Petitioner
47Obergefell v. Hodges - BRIEF OF AMICUS CURIAE INSTITUTE FOR JUSTICE IN SUPPORT OF PETITIONERS
48Obergefell v. Hodges - Brief of NAACP Legal Defense and Educational Fund Inc In Support of Petitioner
49Obergefell v. Hodges - Brief of Douglas Laycock In Support of Petitioner
50Obergefell v. Hodges - BRIEF OF HOWARD UNIVERSITY SCHOOL OF LAW CIVIL RIGHTS CLINIC IN SUPPORT OF PETITIONERS
51Obergefell v. Hodges - BRIEF OF ELECTED OFFICIALS AND FORMER OFFICEHOLDERS OF MICHIGAN, OHIO, KENTUCKY, AND TENNESSEE, AND THE MICHIGAN AND OHIO DEMOCRATIC PARTIES, AS AMICI CURIAE IN SUPPORT OF PETITIONERS
52Obergefell v. Hodges - BRIEF FOR AMICI CURIAE CALIFORNIA COUNCIL OF CHURCHES; CALIFORNIA FAITH FOR EQUALITY; UNITARIAN UNIVERSALIST JUSTICE MINISTRY CALIFORNIA; NORTHERN CALIFORNIA NEVADA CONFERENCE, UNITED CHURCH OF CHRIST; SOUTHERN CALIFORNIA NEVADA CONFERENCE, UNITED CHURCH OF CHRIST; PACIFIC ASSOCIATION OF REFORM RABBIS; CALIFORNIA NETWORK OF METROPOLITAN COMMUNITY CHURCHES IN SUPPORT OF PETITIONERS
53Obergefell v. Hodges - BRIEF OF AMICUS CURIAE EXPERIENTIAL LEARNING LAB AT NEW YORK UNIVERSITY SCHOOL OF LAW IN SUPPORT OF PETITIONERS
54Obergefell v. Hodges - BRIEF OF THE STATE OF MINNESOTA AS AMICUS CURIAE IN SUPPORT OF PETITIONERS
55Obergefell v. Hodges - BRIEF OF HON. LAWRENCE J. KORB, RUDY F. DELEON, HON. WILLIAM J. LYNN, III, HON. PATRICK J. MURPHY, HON. JOE R. REEDER, VICE ADM. JOSEPH SESTAK, HON. DOUGLAS B. WILSON, AND SERVICE WOMEN'S ACTION NETWORK AS AMICI CURIAE IN SUPPORT OF PETITIONERS
56Obergefell v. Hodges - BRIEF OF AMICI CURIAE THE DONALDSON ADOPTION INSTITUTE, CENTER FOR THE STUDY OF SOCIAL POLICY, CHILD WELFARE LEAGUE OF AMERICA, FIRST FOCUS, NORTH AMERICAN COUNCIL ON ADOPTABLE CHILDREN, VOICE FOR ADOPTION IN SUPPORT OF PETITIONERS
57Obergefell v. Hodges - BRIEF FOR THE AMERICAN ACADEMY OF MATRIMONIAL LAWYERS AND ITS MICHIGAN, OHIO AND KENTUCKY CHAPTERS IN SUPPORT OF PETITIONERS
58Obergefell v. Hodges - BRIEF OF AMICUS CURIAE LEGAL SERVICES NYC IN SUPPORT OF PETITIONERS
59Obergefell v. Hodges - BRIEF OF AMICI CURIAE CATO INSTITUTE, WILLIAM N. ESKRIDGE JR., AND STEVEN CALABRESI IN SUPPORT OF PETITIONERS
60Obergefell v. Hodges - BRIEF OF AMICI CURIAE OUTSERVE-SERVICEMEMBERS LEGAL DEFENSE NETWORK AND AMERICAN MILITARY PARTNER ASSOCIATION IN SUPPORT OF PETITIONERS
61Obergefell v. Hodges - BRIEF OF 167 MEMBERS OF THE U.S. HOUSE OF REPRESENTATIVES AND 44 U.S. SENATORS AS AMICI CURIAE IN SUPPORT OF PETITIONERS
62Obergefell v. Hodges - BRIEF OF THE HUMAN RIGHTS CAMPAIGN AND 207,551 AMERICANS AS AMICI CURIAE SUPPORTING PETITIONERS
63Obergefell v. Hodges - BRIEF OF 226 U.S. MAYORS; MAYORS FOR THE FREEDOM TO MARRY; U.S. CONFERENCE OF MAYORS; INT'L MUNICIPAL LAWYERS ASSOC.; NAT'L LEAGUE OF CITIES; CITIES OF LOS ANGELES, SAN FRANCISCO, CHICAGO, NEW YORK AND 36 OTHER CITIES IN SUPPORT OF PETITIONERS
64Obergefell v. Hodges - Brief of Marriage Equality USA In Support of Petitioner
65Obergefell v. Hodges - BRIEF FOR GARY J. GATES AS AMICUS CURIAE IN SUPPORT OF PETITIONERS
66Obergefell v. Hodges - BRIEF OF AMICUS CURIAE AMERICAN SOCIOLOGICAL ASSOCIATION IN SUPPORT OF PETITIONERS
67Obergefell v. Hodges - BRIEF OF AMICI CURIAE CARLOS A. BALL, DISTINGUISHED PROFESSOR OF LAW, RUTGERS UNIVERSITY; ALFRED BROPHY, JUDGE JOHN J. PARKER DISTINGUISHED PROFESSOR OF LAW, UNIVERSITY OF NORTH CAROLINA SCHOOL OF LAW; JULIE NOVKOV, PROFESSOR AND CHAIR, DEPARTMENT OF POLITICAL SCIENCE, UNIVERSITY AT ALBANY, SUNY; SCOTT SKINNER-THOMPSON, ACTING ASSISTANT PROFESSOR, NYU SCHOOL OF LAW; RICHARD F. STORROW, PROFESSOR OF LAW, CITY UNIVERSITY OF NEW YORK IN SUPPORT OF PETITIONERS
68Obergefell v. Hodges - BRIEF FOR KRISTIN M. PERRY, SANDRA B. STIER, PAUL T. KATAMI, JEFFREY J. ZARRILLO, TIMOTHY B. BOSTIC, TONY C. LONDON, CAROL SCHALL, AND MARY TOWNLEY AS AMICI CURIAE IN SUPPORT OF PETITIONERS
69Obergefell v. Hodges - BRIEF OF AMICI CURIAE PROFESSORS LAURENCE H. TRIBE AND MICHAEL C. DORF IN SUPPORT OF PETITIONERS
70Obergefell v. Hodges - AMICUS BRIEF OF THE AMERICAN HUMANIST ASSOCIATION AND CENTER FOR INQUIRY IN SUPPORT OF PETITIONERS
71Obergefell v. Hodges - Brief of Constitutional Accountability Center In Support of Petitioner
72Obergefell v. Hodges - Brief of Cleveland Choral Arts Association In Support of Petitioner
73Obergefell v. Hodges - BRIEF OF THE COUNTY OF CUYAHOGA, OHIO AS AMICUS CURIAE
74Obergefell v. Hodges - Brief of American Public Health Association In Support of Petitioner
75Obergefell v. Hodges - BRIEF FOR FOREIGN AND COMPARATIVE LAW EXPERTS HAROLD HONGJU KOH, THOMAS BUERGENTHAL, SARAH H. CLEVELAND, LAURENCE R. HELFER, RYAN GOODMAN, AND SUJIT CHOUDHRY AS AMICI CURIAE IN SUPPORT OF PETITIONERS
76Obergefell v. Hodges - BRIEF AMICUS CURIAE OF THE AMERICANFEDERATION OF LABOR AND CONGRESS OF INDUSTRIAL ORGANIZATIONS, ET AL.,IN SUPPORT OF PETITIONERS
77Obergefell v. Hodges - BRIEF OF 379 EMPLOYERS AND ORGANIZATIONS R EPRESENTING EMPLOYERS AS A MICI CURIAE IN SUPPORT OF PETITIONERS
78Obergefell v. Hodges - BRIEF IN SUPPORT OF PETITIONERS
79Obergefell v. Hodges Syllabus
80Obergefell v. Hodges - BRIEF OF JON SIMMONS AS AMICUS CURIAE IN SUPPORT OF RESPONDENTS
81Obergefell v. Hodges - BRIEF OF EARL M. MALTZ; GEORGE W. DENT, JR.; CHRISTOPHER WOLFE; AND THE MARRIAGE LAW FOUNDATION AS AMICI CURIAE IN SUPPORT OF RESPONDENTS
82Obergefell v. Hodges - BRIEF OF AMICI CURIAE 106 MEMBERS OF THE KENTUCKY GENERAL ASSEMBLY IN SUPPORT OF RESPONDENT
83Obergefell v. Hodges - BRIEF OF AMICUS CURIAE RYAN T. ANDERSON, PH.D. IN SUPPORT OF RESPONDENTS
84Obergefell v. Hodges - BRIEF OF THE INTERNATIONAL CONFERENCE OF EVANGELICAL ENDORSERS AS AMICUS CURIAE IN SUPPORT OF RESPONDENTS
85Obergefell v. Hodges - BRIEF OF AMICI CURIAE 47 SCHOLARS IN SUPPORT OF RESPONDENTS
86Obergefell v. Hodges - BRIEF OF AMICI CURIAE LIBERTY SCHOLARS AND THE SAINT THOMAS MORE SOCIETY OF DALLAS SUPPORTING AFFIRMANCE
87Obergefell v. Hodges - Brief of American College of Pediatricians In Support of Respondent
88Obergefell v. Hodges - BRIEF OF THE AMERICAN FREEDOM LAW CENTER AS AMICUS CURIAE IN SUPPORT OF RESPONDENTS
89Obergefell v. Hodges - BRIEF OF THE INSTITUTE FOR MARRIAGE AND PUBLIC POLICY & NORTH STAR LAW AND POLICY CENTER AS AMICI CURIAE IN SUPPORT OF RESPONDENTS
90Obergefell v. Hodges - BRIEF OF AMICI CURIAE SCHOLARS OF ORIGINALISM IN SUPPORT OF RESPONDENTS
91Obergefell v. Hodges - Brief of Mike Huckabee Policy Solutions and Family Research Institute In Support of Respondent
92Obergefell v. Hodges - BRIEF FOR AMICUS CURIAE TRI VALLEY LAW, P.C. IN SUPPORT OF RESPONDENTS
93Obergefell v. Hodges - BRIEF OF AMICUS CURIAE DAVID BOYLE IN SUPPORT OF RESPONDENTS
94Obergefell v. Hodges - BRIEF OF RICHARD A. LAWRENCE AS AMICUS CURIAE IN SUPPORT OF RESPONDENTS
95Obergefell v. Hodges - Brief of Agudath Israel of America In Support of Respondent
96Obergefell v. Hodges - BRIEF FOR 54 INTERNATIONAL AND COMPARATIVE LAW EXPERTS FROM 27 COUNTRIES AND THE MARRIAGE AND FAMILY LAW RESEARCH PROJECT AS AMICI CURIAE IN SUPPORT OF THE RESPONDENT
97Obergefell v. Hodges - BRIEF OF AMICI CURIAE ORGANIZATIONS AND SCHOLARS OF GENDER-DIVERSE PARENTING IN SUPPORT OF RESPONDENTS
98Obergefell v. Hodges - BRIEF OF LOUISIANA, UTAH, TEXAS, ALASKA, ARIZONA, ARKANSAS, GEORGIA, IDAHO, KANSAS, MONTANA, NEBRASKA, NORTH DAKOTA, OKLAHOMA, SOUTH DAKOTA, AND WEST VIRGINIA AS AMICI CURIAE SUPPORTING RESPONDENTS
99Obergefell v. Hodges - Brief of Wyoming Legislators In Support of Respondent
100Obergefell v. Hodges - Brief of Parents and Friends of Ex-Gays Gays In Support of Respondent
101Obergefell v. Hodges - BRIEF OF AMICI CURIAE NORTH CAROLINA VALUES COALITION; LIBERTY, LIFE, AND LAW FOUNDATION; THE CHAPLAIN ALLIANCE FOR RELIGIOUS LIBERTY; CHRISTIAN FAMILY COALITION; AND TRADITIONAL VALUES COALITION IN SUPPORT OF RESPONDENTS
102Obergefell v. Hodges - BRIEF AMICUS CURIAE OF DR. PAUL MCHUGH IN SUPPORT OF RESPONDENTS
103Obergefell v. Hodges - BRIEF OF AMICI CURIAE SCHOLARS OF THE WELFARE OF WOMEN, CHILDREN, AND UNDERPRIVILEGED POPULATIONS IN SUPPORT OF RESPONDENTS
104Obergefell v. Hodges - BRIEF AMICUS CURIAE OF CATHOLIC ANSWERS IN SUPPORT OF RESPONDENTS
105Obergefell v. Hodges - BRIEF OF TEXAS VALUES AS AMICUS CURIAE IN SUPPORT OF RESPONDENTS
106Obergefell v. Hodges - BRIEF OF AMICI CURIAE IDAHO GOVERNOR C.L. “BUTCH” OTTER IN SUPPORT OF RESPONDENT
107Obergefell v. Hodges - Brief of 57 Members of US Congress In Support of Respondent
108Obergefell v. Hodges - BRIEF OF AMICI CURIAE CATHOLICVOTE.ORG EDUCATION FUND IN SUPPORT OF THE RESPONDENT
109Obergefell v. Hodges - BRIEF OF AMICI CURIAE ROBERT OSCAR LOPEZ AND B.N. KLEIN IN SUPPORT OF RESPONDENTS
110Obergefell v. Hodges - BRIEF OF AMICUS CURIAE FOUNDATION FOR MORAL LAW IN SUPPORT OF RESPONDENTS
111Obergefell v. Hodges - BRIEF OF ROBERT J. BENTLEY, GOVERNOR OF ALABAMA, AS AMICUS CURIAE IN SUPPORT OF RESPONDENTS
112Obergefell v. Hodges - BRIEF OF AMICI CURIAE 100 SCHOLARS OF MARRIAGE IN SUPPORT OF RESPONDENTS
113Obergefell v. Hodges - BRIEF OF MAJOR RELIGIOUS ORGANIZATIONS AS AMICI CURIAE IN SUPPORT OF RESPONDENTS
114Obergefell v. Hodges Syllabus
115Obergefell v. Hodges - BRIEF OF JASON FELICIANO AND SEVENTEEN PASTORS AS AMICI CURIAE SUPPORTING RESPONDENTS
116Obergefell v. Hodges - BRIEF OF AMICI CURIAE SCHOLARS OF FERTILITY AND MARRIAGE IN SUPPORT OF RESPONDENTS
117Obergefell v. Hodges - BRIEF AMICUS CURIAE OF UNITED STATES CONFERENCE OF CATHOLIC BISHOPS IN SUPPORT OF RESPONDENTS
118Obergefell v. Hodges - BRIEF OF DAVID A. ROBINSON AS AMICUS CURIAE IN SUPPORT OF RESPONDENTS
119Obergefell v. Hodges - BRIEF FOR THE NATIONAL COALITION OF BLACK PASTORS AND CHRISTIAN LEADERS AS AMICI CURIAE IN SUPPORT OF RESPONDENTS
120Obergefell v. Hodges - BRIEF OF AMICAE CURIAE DAWN STEFANOWICZ AND DENISE SHICK IN SUPPORT OF RESPONDENTS
121Obergefell v. Hodges - BRIEF OF AMICI CURIAE PROTECTMARRIAGE.COM - YES ON 8, DENNIS HOLLINGSWORTH, MARTIN GUTIERREZ, AND MARK JANSSON IN SUPPORT OF ALL RESPONDENTS
122Obergefell v. Hodges - BRIEF OF AMICUS CURIAE AMERICAN FAMILY ASSOCIATION-MICHIGAN IN SUPPORT OF RESPONDENTS
123Obergefell v. Hodges - BRIEF OF AMICUS CURIAE JUDICIAL WATCH, INC. IN SUPPORT OF RESPONDENTS
124Obergefell v. Hodges - Brief of Leaders of the 2012 Republican Natl Convention Committee on the Platform In Support of Respondent
125Obergefell v. Hodges - BRIEF OF AMICI CURIAE TEXAS EAGLE FORUM AND STEVEN F. HOTZE, M.D., IN SUPPORT OF RESPONDENTS
126Obergefell v. Hodges - BRIEF OF AMICI CURIAE DR. JUDITH REISMAN AND LIBERTY CENTER FOR CHILD PROTECTION IN SUPPORT OF RESPONDENTS
127Obergefell v. Hodges - BRIEF AMICUS CURIAE OF PUBLIC ADVOCATE OF THE U.S., JOYCE MEYER MINISTRIES, U.S. JUSTICE FOUNDATION, THE LINCOLN INSTITUTE, ABRAHAM LINCOLN FOUNDATION, INSTITUTE ON THE CONSTITUTION, CONSERVATIVE LEGAL DEFENSE AND EDUCATION FUND, AND PASTOR CHUCK BALDWIN IN SUPPORT OF RESPONDENTS
128Obergefell v. Hodges - BRIEF OF AMICUS CURIAE ALGIRDAS M. LIEPAS IN SUPPORT OF RESPONDENTS
129Obergefell v. Hodges - BRIEF OF AMICUS CURIAE LARY S. LARSON IN SUPPORT OF RESPONDENTS
130Obergefell v. Hodges - BRIEF AMICUS CURIAE OF CONCERNED WOMEN FOR AMERICA, IN SUPPORT OF THE RESPONDENT
131Obergefell v. Hodges - BRIEF OF AMICUS CURIAE SOUTHEASTERN LEGAL FOUNDATION SUPPORTING RESPONDENTS
132Obergefell v. Hodges - BRIEF OF AMICI CURIAE THE RUTH INSTITUTE AND DR. JENNIFER ROBACK MORSE, PHD, IN SUPPORT OF RESPONDENTS
133Obergefell v. Hodges - Brief of Family Research Council In Support of Respondent
134Obergefell v. Hodges - BRIEF AMICUS CURIAE OF PROFESSOR DANIEL N. ROBINSON, PH.D. IN SUPPORT OF RESPONDENTS
135Obergefell v. Hodges - BRIEF OF AMICUS CURIAE STATE OF SOUTH CAROLINA IN SUPPORT OF RESPONDENTS
136Obergefell v. Hodges - BRIEF OF THE LIGHTED CANDLE SOCIETY AMICUS CURIAE, IN SUPPORT OF RESPONDENTS
137Obergefell v. Hodges - BRIEF OF AMICAE CURIAE HEATHER BARWICK AND KATY FAUST IN SUPPORT OF RESPONDENTS
138Obergefell v. Hodges - BRIEF OF THE COMMITTEE FOR JUSTICE AS AMICUS CURIAE IN SUPPORT OF RESPONDENTS
139Obergefell v. Hodges - BRIEF OF AMICI CURIAE RELIGIOUS ORGANIZATIONS, PUBLIC SPEAKERS, AND SCHOLARS CONCERNED ABOUT FREE SPEECH IN SUPPORT OF RESPONDENTS
140Obergefell v. Hodges - Brief of The Family Foundation In Support of Respondent
141Slip Opinion in Obergefell v. Hodges (Opinion by Justice Anthony M. Kennedy)
142Obergefell v. Hodges (Justice Anthony M. Kennedy Opinion)
143Obergefell v. Hodges Dissenting Opinion by Chief Justice John G. Roberts, Jr.
144Obergefell v. Hodges Dissenting Opinion by Justice Clarence Thomas
145Obergefell v. Hodges Dissenting Opinion by Justice Antonin Scalia
146Obergefell v. Hodges Dissenting Opinion by Justice Samuel Anthony Alito, Jr.
147Obergefell v. Hodges Syllabus