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Rodriguez v. United States

Docket No.: 13-9972
Certiorari Granted: Oct 2 2014
Argued: January 21, 2015
Decided: 4/21/15


Fourth Amendment, privacy, probable cause, search and seizure, traffic stops, warrantless search

PartyNames: Dennys Rodriguez v. United States
Petitioner: Dennys Rodriguez
Respondent: United States

Court Below: United States Court of Appeals for the Eighth Circuit
Citation: 741 F.3d 905
Supreme Court Docket

Dennys Rodriguez
United States
Question Presented:

This Court has held that, during an otherwise lawful traffic stop, asking a driver to exit a vehicle, conducting a drug sniff with a trained canine, or asking a few off-topic questions are "de minimis" intrusions on personal liberty that do not require reasonable suspicion of criminal activity in order to comport with the Fourth Amendment. This case poses the question of whether the same rule applies after the conclusion of the traffic stop, so that an officer may extend the already-completed stop for a canine sniff without reasonable suspicion or other lawful justification.

Rodriguez v. United States

January 21, 2015

Listen to Oral Argument in Rodriguez v. United States
Vote: 6-3
Majority: Judgment Vacated, Case Remanded. Ginsburg, Chief Justice Roberts, Scalia, Breyer, Sotomayor, Kagan
Dissenting: Kennedy,Thomas,Alito
Opinion By:

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Rodriguez v. United States
Case Documents

1Rodriguez v. United States Oral Argument Transcript (PDF)
2Rodriguez v. United States Oral Argument Audio
3Slip Opinion in Rodriguez v. United States (Opinion by Justice Ruth Bader Ginsburg)