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Mach Mining, LLC v. EEOC

Docket No.: 13-1019
Certiorari Granted: Jun 30 2014
Argued: January 13, 2015
Decided: 4/29/15


Civil Rights Act, Civil Rights Act of 1964, NLRA, National Labor Relations Act, Title VII, conditions of employment, judicial review, sex discrimination, terms and conditions of employment

PartyNames: Mach Mining, LLC v. Equal Employment Opportunity Commission
Petitioner: Mach Mining, LLC
Respondent: Equal Employment Opportunity Commission

Court Below: United States Court of Appeals for the Seventh Circuit
Citation: 738 F.3d 171
Supreme Court Docket

Mach Mining, LLC
Equal Employment Opportunity Commission
Question Presented:

In Title VII of the Civil Rights Act of 1964, "Congress established an integrated, multistep enforcement procedure culminating in the EEOC's authority to bring a civil action in federal court." Occidental Life Ins. Co. v. EEOC, 432 U.S. 355, 359 (1977). At the outset of that process, if the EEOC finds that there is reasonable cause to believe a charge of discrimination against a private party it "shall endeavor to eliminate any ... alleged unlawful employment practice by informal methods of conference, conciliation, and persuasion." 42 U.S.C. 2000e-5(b). The Commission is forbidden from filing suit unless within a specified period it "has been unable to secure from the respondent a conciliation agreement acceptable to the Commission." Id. Section 2000e-5(f)(1). Congress imposed similar requirements in the Age Discrimination in Employment Act, 29 U.S.C. 626(b), the Fair Housing Act, 42 U.S.C. 3610(b)(1), and federal election law, 2 U.S.C. 437g(a)(4), (a)(6)(A). The Question Presented, on which the Seventh Circuit in this case avowedly rejected the precedent of numerous other courts of appeals, is: Whether and to what extent may a court enforce the EEOC's mandatory duty to conciliate discrimination claims before filing suit?

Mach Mining, LLC v. EEOC

January 13, 2015

Listen to Oral Argument in Mach Mining, LLC v. EEOC
Vote: 9-0
Majority: unanimous
Opinion By:

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Mach Mining, LLC v. EEOC
Case Documents

1Slip Opinion in Mach Mining, LLC v. EEOC (Opinion by Justice Elena Kagan)
2Mach Mining, LLC v. EEOC Oral Argument Transcript (PDF)
3Mach Mining, LLC v. EEOC Oral Argument Audio