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KOONTZ v. ST. JOHNS RIVER WATER MGMT.

Docket No.: 11-1447
Certiorari Granted: Oct 5 2012
Argued: January 15, 2013
Decided: June 25, 2013

Topics:

Due Process, EPA, Fifth Amendment, Takings Clause, judicial review

PartyNames: Coy A. Koontz, Jr. v. St. Johns River Water Management District
Petitioner: Coy A. Koontz, Jr.
Respondent: St. Johns River Water Management District

Court Below: Supreme Court of Florida
Citation: 77 So.3d 1220
Supreme Court Docket

Coy A. Koontz, Jr.
v.
St. Johns River Water Management District
Background:

For over eleven years, a Florida land use agency refused to issue any of the permits necessary for Coy A. Koontz, Sr., to develop his commercial property. The reason was because Koontz would not accede to a permit condition requiring him to dedicate his money and labor to make improvements to 50 acres of government-owned property located miles away from the project-a condition that was determined to be wholly unrelated to any impacts caused by Koontz's proposed development. A Florida trial court ruled that the agency's refusal to issue the permits was invalid and effected a temporary taking of Koontz's property, and awarded just compensation. After the appellate court affirmed, the Florida Supreme Court reversed, holding that, as a matter of federal takings law, a landowner can never state a claim for a taking where (1) permit approval is withheld based on a landowner's objection to an excessive exaction, and (2) the exaction demands dedication of personal property to the public.

Question Presented:

1. Whether the government can be held liable for a taking when it refuses to issue a land-use permit on the sole basis that the permit applicant did not accede to a permit condition that, if applied, would violate the essential nexus and rough proportionality tests set out in Nollan u. California Coastal Commission, 483 U.S. 825 (1987), and Dolan v. City of Tigard, 512 U.S. 374 (1994); and 2. Whether the nexus and proportionality tests set out in Nollan and Dolan apply to a land-use exaction that takes the form of a government demand that a permit applicant dedicate money, services, labor, or any other type of personal property to a public use.

KOONTZ v. ST. JOHNS RIVER WATER MGMT.
ORAL ARGUMENT

January 15, 2013

Listen to Oral Argument in KOONTZ v. ST. JOHNS RIVER WATER MGMT.
Holding: REVERSED AND REMANDED
Vote: 5-4

KOONTZ v. ST. JOHNS RIVER WATER MGMT.
Case Documents

1BRIEF ON THE MERITS
2REPLY BRIEF
3BRIEF FOR RESPONDENT
4BRIEF OF AMICUS CURIAE THE LAND USE INSTITUTE, LTD. IN SUPPORT OF PETITIONER
5BRIEF AMICUS CURIAE OF OWNERS' COUNSEL OF AMERICA IN SUPPORT OF THE PETITIONER
6BRIEF AMICUS CURIAE OF HILLCREST PROPERTY, LLP IN SUPPORT OF PETITIONER
7PETITION FOR WRIT OF CERTIORARI
8BRIEF AMICUS CURIAE OF ATLANTIC LEGAL FOUNDATION, CENTER FOR CONSTITUTIONAL JURISPRUDENCE AND REASON FOUNDATION IN SUPPORT OF PETITIONER
9BRIEF OF AMICI CURIAE INSTITUTE FOR JUSTICE AND THE CATO INSTITUTE IN SUPPORT OF PETITIONER
10BRIEF OF AMICI CURIAE ASSOCIATION OF FLORIDA COMMUNITY DEVELOPERS, THE FLORIDA LAND COUNCIL, THE FLORIDA FARM BUREAU, AND THE FLORIDA FRUIT AND VEGETABLE ASSOCIATION IN SUPPORT OF THE PETITIONER
11BRIEF OF AMICUS CURIAE AMERICAN CIVIL RIGHTS UNION IN SUPPORT OF PETITIONER
12BRIEF AMICI CURIAE SUPPORTING PETITIONER
13BRIEF OF THE NATIONAL GOVERNORS ASSOCIATION, NATIONAL CONFERENCE OF STATE LEGISLATURES, COUNCIL OF STATE GOVERNMENTS, NATIONAL LEAGUE OF CITIES, NATIONAL ASSOCIATION OF COUNTIES, INTERNATIONAL CITY/COUNTY MANAGEMENT ASSOCIATION, AND INTERNATIONAL MUNICIPAL LAWYERS ASSOCIATION IN SUPPORT OF RESPONDENT
14BRIEF OF THE AMERICAN PLANNING ASSOCIATION, THE CITY OF NEW YORK, AND THE NATIONAL TRUST FOR HISTORIC PRESERVATION IN THE UNITED STATES AS AMICI CURIAE IN SUPPORT OF RESPONDENT
15BRIEF OF FORMER MEMBERS OF THE NATIONAL RESEARCH COUNCIL COMMITTEE ON MITIGATING WETLAND LOSSES AS AMICI CURIAE IN SUPPORT OF RESPONDENT
16BRIEF FOR THE UNITED STATES AS AMICUS CURIAE SUPPORTING RESPONDENT
17BRIEF OF THE AMERICAN PLANNING ASSOCIATION, THE CITY OF NEW YORK, AND THE NATIONAL TRUST FOR HISTORIC PRESERVATION IN THE UNITED STATES AS AMICI CURIAE IN SUPPORT OF RESPONDENT
18KOONTZ v. ST. JOHNS RIVER WATER MGMT. Oral Argument Transcript (PDF)
19KOONTZ v. ST. JOHNS RIVER WATER MGMT. Oral Argument Audio
20Slip Opinion in KOONTZ v. ST. JOHNS RIVER WATER MGMT. (Opinion by Justice Samuel Anthony Alito, Jr.)