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VANCE v. BALL STATE UNIVERSITY, ET AL.

Docket No.: 11-556
Certiorari Granted: Jun 25 2012
Argued: November 26, 2012
Decided: June 24, 2013

Topics:

Title VII, conditions of employment, retaliation

PartyNames: Maetta Vance v. Ball State University, et al.
Petitioner: Maetta Vance
Respondent: Ball State University, et al.

Court Below: United States Court of Appeals for the Seventh Circuit
Citation: 646 F3d 461
Supreme Court Docket

Maetta Vance
v.
Ball State University, et al.
Background:

In Faragher v. City of Boca Raton, 524 U.S. 775 (1998), and Burlington Industries, Inc. v. Ellerth, 524 U.S. 742 (1998), this Court held that under Title VII, an employer is vicariously liable for severe or pervasive workplace harassment by a supervisor of the victim. If the harasser was the victim's co-employee, however, the employer is not liable absent proof of negligence. In the decision below, the Seventh Circuit held that actionable harassment by a person whom the employer deemed a "supervisor" and who had the authority to direct and oversee the victim's daily work could not give rise to vicarious liability because the harasser did not also have the power to take formal employment actions against her.

Question Presented:

Whether, as the Second, Fourth, and Ninth Circuits have held, the Faragher and Ellerth "supervisor" liability rule (i) applies to harassment by those whom the employer vests with authority to direct and oversee their victim's daily work, or, as the First, Seventh, and Eighth Circuits have held (ii) is limited to those harassers who have the power to "hire, fire, demote, promote, transfer, or discipline" their victim.

VANCE v. BALL STATE UNIVERSITY, ET AL.
ORAL ARGUMENT

November 26, 2012

Listen to Oral Argument in VANCE v. BALL STATE UNIVERSITY, ET AL.
Holding: AFFIRMED
Vote: 5-4
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