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MAYO COLLABORATIVE SERVICES v. PROMETHEUS LABORATORIES, INC.

Docket No.: 10-1150
Certiorari Granted: 06/20/11
Argued: December 7, 2011
Decided: 03/20/12

Topics:

patent, property rights

PartyNames: Mayo Collaborative Services, dba Mayo Medical Laboratories, et al. v. Prometheus Laboratories, Inc.
Petitioner: Mayo Collaborative Services, dba Mayo Medical Laboratories, et al.
Respondent: Prometheus Laboratories, Inc.

Court Below: United States Court of Appeals for the Federal Circuit
Citation: 628 F.3d 1347

Mayo Collaborative Services, dba Mayo Medical Laboratories, et al.
v.
Prometheus Laboratories, Inc.
Background:

This case concerns whether a patentee can monopolize basic, natural biological relationships. The Court has twice granted certiorari on the question presented, without yet resolving the issue. Last year, it granted certiorari, vacated, and remanded in this case to allow the Federal Circuit to reconsider this question in light of Bilski v. Kappos, 130 S. Ct. 3218 (2010). And seven years ago it granted certiorari but dismissed the writ as improvidently granted in Laboratory Corp. of America Holdings v. Metabolite Laboratories, Inc., 548 U.S. 124, 135 (2006), because petitioner there had not adequately preserved the question.

Question Presented:

Whether 35 U.S.C. ยง 101 is satisfied by a patent claim that covers observed correlations between blood test results and patient health, so that the claim effectively preempts all uses of the naturally occurring correlations, simply because well-known methods used to administer prescription drugs and test blood may involve "transformations" of body chemistry.

Question:

Can certain types of diagnostic medical tests can be patented?

Note:

This case concerns whether a patentee can monopolize basic, natural biological relationships. The Court has twice granted certiorari on the question presented, without yet resolving the issue. Last year, it granted certiorari, vacated, and remanded in this case to allow the Federal Circuit to reconsider this question in light of Bilski v. Kappos, 130 S. Ct. 3218 (2010). And seven years ago it granted certiorari but dismissed the writ as improvidently granted in Laboratory Corp. of America Holdings v. Metabolite Laboratories, Inc., 548 U.S. 124, 135 (2006), because petitioner there had not adequately preserved the question.

MAYO COLLABORATIVE SERVICES v. PROMETHEUS LABORATORIES, INC.
ORAL ARGUMENT

12/07/11

Listen to Oral Argument in MAYO COLLABORATIVE SERVICES v. PROMETHEUS LABORATORIES, INC.
Holding: REVERSED
Vote: 9-0
Majority: Unanimous
Opinion By:
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