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Boyle v. United States

Docket No.: 07-1309
Certiorari Granted: Oct 1 2008
Argued: January 14, 2009
Decided: June 8, 2009

PartyNames: Edmund Boyle v. United States
Petitioner: Edmund Boyle
Respondent: United States

Court Below: United States Court of Appeals for the Second Circuit

Edmund Boyle
United States
Question Presented:

Does proof of an association-in-fact enterprise under the RICO statute, 18 U.S.C. ยงยง 1962(c)-(d), require at least some showing of an ascertainable structure beyond that inherent in the pattern of racketeering activity in which it engages - an exceptionally important question in the administration of federal justice, civil and criminal, that has spawned a three-way circuit split?


In order prove the association of enterprises in a criminal activity, does the government need to show connections between the enterprises beyond what is apparent in the criminal activity itself?

Holding: affirmed
Vote: 7-2

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