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Corley v. United States

Docket No.: 07-10441
Certiorari Granted: Oct 1 2008
Argued: January 21, 2009
Decided: April 6, 2009

PartyNames: Johnnie Corley v. United States
Petitioner: Johnnie Corley
Respondent: United States

Court Below: United States Court of Appeals for the Third Circuit

Johnnie Corley
v.
United States
Question Presented:

Whether 18 U.S.C. § 3501 -- read together with Fed. R. Crim. P. Rule 5(a), McNabb v. United States, 318 U.S. 332 (1943), and Mallory v. United States, 354 U.S. 449 (1957) -- requires that a confession taken more than six hours after arrest and before presentment be suppressed if there was unreasonable or unnecessary delay in bringing the defendant before the magistrate judge. Several United States Courts of Appeals have addressed this issue and have issued conflicting decisions, and the panel in this case was split two to one on the issue. This Court granted certiorari to consider the issue in United States v. Alvarez-Sanchez, 511 U.S. 350 (1994), but then resolved the case on a separate "threshold" ground and expressly left open "the subtle questions of statutory construction concerning the safe harbor set out in § 3501(c)." Id. at 356.

Question:

Does 18 U.S.C. Section 3501 supplant Supreme Court precedent and make admissible voluntary confessions that are taken more than six hours after arrest and before that person has been presented before judicial officers?

Holding: vacated and remanded
Vote: 5-4
Opinion By:
Read CORLEY V. UNITED STATES opinion (PDF)
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