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Munaf v. Geren

Docket No.: 06-1666
Certiorari Granted: 12/7/2007
Argued: March 25, 2008
Decided: June 12, 2008
Consolidated with: Docket No. 07-394

Topics:

28 USC 2241-2255 (habeas corpus), Due Process, Extradition, Fifth Amendment, Fourth Amendment, Suspension Clause, habeas, habeas corpus, preliminary injunction

PartyNames: Mohammad Munaf, et al. v. Pete Geren, Secretary of the Army, et al.
Petitioner: Mohammad Munaf, et al.
Respondent: Pete Geren, Secretary of the Army, et al.

Court Below: United States Court of Appeals for the District of Columbia Circuit
Citation: 482 F3d 582
Supreme Court Docket

Mohammad Munaf, et al.
v.
Pete Geren, Secretary of the Army, et al.
553 U.S. 674 (2008)
Question Presented:

1. When an American citizen is detained under the exclusive control of American military authorities abroad, is the jurisdiction of a federal court to entertain his petition for a writ of habeas corpus defeated by the fact that those American military authorities purport to act as a part of a multi-national force and that they propose -- with no valid legal authority -- to deliver the citizen to a foreign nation for execution of a death sentence imposed by a court of that nation? 2. Does the decision of the Court of Appeals, holding that Hirota v. MacArthur deprives the federal courts of jurisdiction under these circumstances, extend the 1948 per curiam opinion in Hirota into conflict with this Court's post-1948 jurisprudence culminating in Rasul v. Bush and Hamdi v. Rumsfeld, and should that conflict be resolved either by restricting Hirota to its proper sphere or by overruling it? 3. Did the Court of Appeals err in holding that the jurisdiction of the federal courts over a habeas corpus petition filed by an American citizen detained under the exclusive control of American military authorities abroad turns on whether those authorities propose to deliver him to a foreign nation for prosecution in its courts (in which case the Court of Appeals has held that habeas jurisdiction exists) or for execution of sentence after conviction by the foreign court (in which case the Court of Appeals here holds that jurisdiction ceases to exist)? If this distinction is valid, can the military authorities defeat federal habeas corpus jurisdiction ex post by doing what they did in this case -- arranging the conviction and sentencing of their detainee by a foreign court after his habeas petition has been filed?

Question:

Do U.S. courts have jurisdiction to hear habeas corpus petitions brought on behalf of U.S. citizens detained overseas by American military authorities working as part of a multinational force?

Munaf v. Geren
ORAL ARGUMENT

March 25, 2008

Holding: vacated and remanded
Decision: Decision: 9 votes for Geren, 0 vote(s) against
Vote: 9-0
Majority: unanimous
Concurring: Souter,Ginsburg,Breyer
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