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Danforth v. Minnesota

Docket No.: 06-8273
Certiorari Granted: May 21 2007
Argued: October 31, 2007
Decided: February 20, 2008

PartyNames: DANFORTH v. MINNESOTA
Petitioner: Stephen Danforth
Respondent: Minnesota

Court Below: Supreme Court of Minnesota

Stephen Danforth
v.
Minnesota
552 U.S. 264 (2008)
Question Presented:

1. Are state supreme courts required to use the standard announced in Teague v. Lane, 489 U.S. 288 (1989), to determine whether United States Supreme Court decisions apply retroactively to state-court criminal cases, or may a state court apply state-law- or state-constitution-based retroactivity tests that afford application of Supreme Court decisions to a broader class of criminal defendants than the class defined by Teague? 2. Did Crawford v. Washington, 541 U.S. 36 (2004), announce a "new rule of constitutional criminal procedure," as Teague defines that phrase and, if it did, was it a watershed rule of procedure subject to full retroactive application?

Question:

When determining whether Supreme Court decisions on constitutional rules of criminal procedure apply retroactively, may state supreme courts use state-law retroactivity standards that are broader than the standard in Teague v. Lane?

Holding: judgment reversed and remanded
Vote: 7-2
Opinion By:
Read DANFORTH V. MINNESOTA opinion (PDF)
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