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James v. United States

Docket No.: 05-9264
Certiorari Granted: 6/12/2006
Argued: November 7, 2006
Decided: April 18, 2007

Topics:

Sixth Amendment, Armed Career Criminal Act, Hobbs Act, murder, RICO, Sentencing Guidelines, Travel Act

PartyNames: Alphonso James, Jr. v. United States
Petitioner: Alphonso James, Jr.
Respondent: United States

Court Below: United States Court of Appeals for the Eleventh Circuit

Alphonso James, Jr.
v.
United States
550 U.S. 192 (2007)
Consideration Limited:

LIMITED TO QUESTION 2 PRESENTED BY THE PETITION.

Question Presented:

I. Whether the Eleventh Circuit erred by holding that a state drug conviction, which did not necessarily involve manufacturing, distributing, or possessing with intent to manufacture or distribute, qualified as a serious drug offense under 18 U.S.C. § 924(e), in violation of Taylor v. United States, 495 U.S. 575 (1990), and Shepard v. United States, 544 U.S. 13 (2005).II. Whether the Eleventh Circuit erred by holding that all convictions in Florida for attempted burglary qualify as a violent felony under 18 U.S.C. § 924(e), creating a circuit conflict on the issue. III. Whether the felon-in-possession statute, 18 U.S.C. § 922(g), is facially invalid because Congress failed to define commerce as interstate or foreign commerce. Additionally, whether the statute is unconstitutional because Congress acted beyond the power of the commerce clause by failing to require a substantial nexus.

Holding: affirmed
Vote: 5-4
Opinion By:
Read JAMES V. UNITED STATES opinion (PDF)

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