From outside a home at 3:00 a.m., officers witnessed a tumultuous struggle between four adults and a juvenile. Upon seeing the juvenile punch one of the adults in the face, the officers entered the home to quell the violence.Question Presented:
1. Does the "emergency aid exception" to the warrant requirement recognized in Mincey v. Arizona, 437 U.S. 385 (1978), turn on an officer's subjective motivation for entering the home?
2. Was the gravity of the "emergency" or "exigency" sufficient to justify, under the Fourth Amendment, the officers' entry into the home to stop the fight?Question:
What objectively reasonable level of concern is necessary to trigger the emergency aid exception to the Fourth Amendment's warrant requirement?