With certain exceptions, the Federal Tort Claims Act waives the sovereign immunity of the United States for specified torts of federal employees acting within the scope of their employment, allowing liability "in the same manner and to the same extent as a private individual under like circumstances." 28 U.S.C. 2674. The Act also vests jurisdiction in federal district courts to hear such tort claims, "under circumstances where the United States, if a private person, would be liable to the claimant in accordance with the law of the place where the act or omission occurred." 28 U.S.C. 1346(b)(1).Question Presented:
The question presented is: Whether the liability of the United States under the Federal Tort Claims Act with respect to safety inspections is the same as that of private individuals under like circumstances or, as the Ninth Circuit held, the same as that of state and municipal entities under like circumstances.Question:
Did the Federal Tort Claims Act waive the United States' sovereign immunity in cases where local law would make a state or municipal entity liable?