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Grutter v. Bollinger

Docket No.: 02-241
Certiorari Granted: Dec 2 2002
Argued: April 1, 2003
Decided: June 23, 2003


Race discrimination in college admissions, Civil Rights, Equal Protection, Affirmative Action, Civil Rights Act, Civil Rights Act of 1964, Equal Protection Clause, Fifth Amendment, First Amendment, Fourteenth Amendment, Title VII, disparate impact, judicial review, patent, public education, public schools, racial discrimination, racial preferences, racial segregation, sex discrimination, stare decisis

PartyNames: Barbara Grutter v. Lee Bollinger, et al.
Petitioner: Barbara Grutter
Respondent: Lee Bollinger, et al.

Court Below: United States Court of Appeals for the Sixth Circuit
Citation: CA 6, 288 F.3d 732. QUESTIONS PRESENTED 1. Does the University of Michigan Law School's use of racial preferences in studentadmissions violate the Equal Protection Cl ause of the Fourteenth Amendment, Title VI of the Civil Rights Act of 1964 (42 U.S.C. § 2000d), or 42 U.S.C. § 1981? 2. Should an appellate court required to apply strict scrutiny to governmental racebased preferences review de novo the district court's findings because the fact issues are "constitutional"?
Lower Court Decision
Supreme Court Docket

Barbara Grutter
Lee Bollinger, et al.
539 U.S. 306 (2003)
Question Presented:

Whether the use of race as a factor in student admissions by the University of Michigan Law School is unlawful


Does the University of Michigan Law School's use of racial preferences in student admissions violate the Equal Protection Clause of the Fourteenth Amendment or Title VI of the Civil Rights Act of 1964?

Grutter v. Bollinger

April 1, 2003

Holding: affirmed
Decision: Decision: 5 votes for Bollinger, 4 vote(s) against. The Law School's narrowly tailored use of race in admissions decisions to further a compelling interest in obtaining the educational benefits that flow from a diverse student body is not prohibited by the Equal Protection Clause, Title VI, or 1981.
Opinion By:

Grutter v. Bollinger
Case Documents

1Opinion in Grutter v. Bollinger
2Opinion in Grutter v. Bollinger
Additional documents for this case are pending review.